How to Prepare for Class 10 Science Exam

class 10 science

Students interested in becoming engineers or doctors should concentrate on CBSE Class 10 science papers to gain admission to the PCM or PCB stream in Class 12th. Science is the most significant topic in 10th grade, and it covers a wide range of facts and hypotheses. In comparison to other subjects, passing the CBSE 10th Science paper with good grades requires more work and effort. If your concepts aren’t sufficiently clear, scoring well in the Science class 10 exam may appear challenging.

The approach for CBSE class 10 science preparation is provided below to assist in the creation of a preparation strategy.

Subject Wise Approach 

Physics in 10th-grade science

  • The test in Physics largely consists of conceptual and formula-based questions. As a result, students must be familiar with all of the relevant formulas and have them at their fingertips.
  • Newton’s laws of motion and their applications are essential from the standpoint of the exam, and certain questions can be predicted from them.
  • Practice numerically on series and parallel resistance combinations. The majority of the time, numerical problems involving lenses and mirrors are also requested.
  • For diagrams practice now and then as they give good marks. Some important diagrams to practice are magnetic field lines around the solenoid or a simple bar magnet, electric circuit, AC and DC generator, human eye, image formation, etc.
  • Practice previous year’s question papers and model test papers to acquire a sense of the kinds of numerical and theoretical questions that will be asked in the Physics section.

Chemistry in 10th-grade science

  • Chemistry is a high-scoring section that takes less time to prepare. Learn about the tricks to balancing chemical equations. Also, remember how acids, bases, and salts are used in everyday life.
  • Every year, a couple of questions about salts and their compounds are asked. As a result, students must be familiar with the common names, preparations, chemical formulas, and applications of salts and their compounds.
  • Concentrate on carbon compounds and their nomenclature, which includes functional groups.
  • Keep notes of all conversion compound reactions. These revision notes will help you with your final preparations.
  • Understand the electronic periodic table and recall all of the elements in the first and last two groups of the periodic table.
  • Extensive practice of sample papers and thorough subject preparation might help you improve your speed and accuracy.

Biology in 10th-grade science

  • Students in biology must practice diagrams such as the portrayal of reflex action, the respiratory system, the human brain, various sections of a flower, female and male reproductive systems, and so on.
  • Prepare Mendel’s experiments thoroughly and comprehend the inheritance of traits.
  • There are difficult terminologies in biology that can be memorized by repeated updates. It is usually beneficial to write and understand those terms to become familiar with them.
  • Understand the reproductive organs’ roles in humans and the reproduction process in plants.
  • Because biology includes multiple complex diagrams, students should develop the habit of drawing a neat diagram while writing their replies. This will also help them get better grades.
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Overall Study approach

1. Familiarize yourself with the syllabus and marking scheme.

The first step is for pupils to familiarise themselves with the exam’s syllabus. After that, seek the exam’s pattern and marking structure. Students can easily prepare by selecting topics based on the distribution of marks.

2. Emphasize chapters with high weightage.

  • Following the marking weightage, prioritize chapters. You must choose topics for revision based on their weightage. There are 20 1 mark questions, 10 3 mark questions, and 6 5 mark questions. In the CBSE class 10 science exam, the following topics usually hold the most weight.
  • Biology: Control and Coordination, Heredity and Evolution, Life Processes
  • Carbon and its derivatives in chemistry
  • Electricity, Refraction, and Reflection of Light in Physics

3. Examine question papers from past years.

This is critical in the last few months’ preparation strategies. Regularly solving question papers will improve your speed, help you better manage time in the exam hall, and build your confidence. When taking practice tests at home, make sure you stick to the three-hour time limit.

4. Pay closer attention to your flaws.

You’ve figured out your subject’s strengths and weaknesses by now. Spend extra time revising the sections that need to be improved. Many students, for example, have difficulty remembering physics formulae or chemistry equations. Speak with your teacher and request that things be simplified. Make a separate copy of the formulae and equations and keep it handy so you can go over them again and again.

5. Study Actively

Find a quiet spot to study where you won’t be disturbed.
Keep distractions at bay while studying.
Short bursts of study time, with 5 minute rests in between.

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6. Right Books to Follow

Students should begin by reading the NCERT books and then go on to other books. Either get from the market or download the NCERT Book for Class 10 Science PDF in Hindi or English. After that, the easiest strategy to prepare is to solve CBSE 10th example papers or past papers. You can consult other reference books for improved clarity and prepare more detailed answers in addition to the basic NCERT textbook for science. Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur’s Physics, Chemistry, and Biology for 10th Grade are good choices. Talk to your teachers about getting extra reference books.

7. Revision

Reminding yourself of concepts frequently will help you remember them for a long period. Continue to review the facts, key points, and equations. Instead of preparing new topics, students should spend the last few days revising the existing syllabus.

8. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by avoiding social media.

Avoid using social media if you want to stay focused. Spending too much time on social networking sites like Facebook or Twitter is a waste of time. As a result, limit your use of social media sites and prepare your topics with complete attention and focus. Additionally, eat well and get enough sleep. These are some of the greatest CBSE class 10 science preparation ideas for the year 2021.


Class 10 Board Exams are very important for higher studies, and Science marks play a crucial role. Following the above approach, create your study plan, decide on what books to study, complete the syllabus and revise them regularly.

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